385. Canadian liberator died in Kloetinge

In 1944, he was 23 years old when his regiment moved from Schore to Kloetinge, on the morning of October 29th. Other regiments nearby are the Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment of Canada) and the Rileys (Royal Hamilton Light Infantry). Regularly the group of Dicaire is halted when retreating German troops use their guns to slow the advance of the Canadians. This happened again near Kloetinge. 

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222. Help for escaped prisoners of war

After the arrival of the first prisoners-of-war who had fled Germany in 1941, a group in Herkenbosch create an escape route to help the continuing flow of refugees to safely. Risking their lives, they supply clothing, food and places to sleep. Eventually, more than 250 prisoners-of-war and other refugees manage to escape from this region via this network during the war.

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Breskens the German Dunkirk

After the Allied break out from Normandy in August 1944 the German army had been in full retreat. With the capture of Antwerp on 4 September the German 15th Army was pushed into a pocket on the shore. The only way out for the German forces was an evacuation across the Scheldt river from the Dutch town of Breskens.

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384. Borssele under fire

The Monsterweg in Borssele, and around of the Mountain of Troy, the Germans built five bunkers, with a storage room and three double living bunkers. These bunkers were increased, thus there were not one but two living quarters. One of the works has widened and broadened access doorway to one of the room making this bunker could serve as a gathering place wounded. This adjustment was, in fact, possible wounded on a stretcher to carry the bunker. Also there was a bunker to elongate it looks for ammunition storage.

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64. A village of widows

On the 2nd of October 1944, in reprisal for a resistance group attack, 659 men are arrested and taken to Camp Amersfoort. 601 of them are transported to the Neuengamme concentration camp. The women and children have to leave Putten that same day before five o'clock. Not long after, part of Putten is ablaze and about a hundred houses are in ashes. Many families cannot go home. The brave and steadfast people of Putten help each other through tough times. From the Netherlands and even abroad, aid is given. Collections are held everywhere.

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Kurkowa City Prison

During its history the City Prison in Gdansk housed all kinds of prisoners: criminals, but political prisoners as well. After the abolishment of the Free City of Gdansk by the Nazis in 1939, hundreds of intellectuals, democrats, freedom fighters and jews were incarcerated here. Many of them were subsequently sent to Piasnica or Szpegawsk, where they were executed.

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Battle of the Sloedam

By 31 October 1944 almost all the land surrounding the Scheldt estuary had been cleared of German control. Only the German coastal batteries on the island of Walcheren prevented the Allies from making use of the port facilities of Antwerp.

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Battle of the Breskens pocket, Operation Switchback

The task of defending the Breskens pocket fell to the German 64th Infantry Division. This division consisted of some 10,000 men and was well supplied with machineguns, mortars and artillery. Its task was to defend the pocket till the last man. Facing these forces was the Canadian 3rd Infantry Division, which had the difficult job of clearing the Germans from well prepared defensive positions in difficult terrain.

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Courcelles Massacre

During the Courcelles Massacre, also known as the Rognac Massacre, of 18 August 1944 twenty Belgian citizens were killed by ‘Rexists’.The Rexist Party, or Rex, was a far-right, catholic and nationalist political party, founded by Léon Degrelle in 1935. During the German occupation of Belgium the Rexists opted for collaboration with the Nazis and members of the movement obtained important positions within the Belgian State.

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Kortrijk bombing

During the German occupation of Belgium the population was in constant fear of air raids. From March 1944 the Allied bombardments became more and more frequent, in preparation for the invasion in Normandy. The period from 10 - 12 May was the worst: in three days 1,500 people lost their lives.

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