The end of the war in Berlin

The tour begins in Berlin-Wedding at the Berliner Unterwelten Museum. It is located in a former air-raid shelter at Gesundbrunnen underground station, which has been a protected monument since 1999. During the tour, visitors can view items recovered from bunkers in the former government quarter, war rubble and Second World War archaeological artefacts.

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Back to the Battle of Berlin

The tour begins with a visit to the German-Russian Museum in Berlin-Karlshorst. The Wehrmacht signed the unconditional surrender here on 8 May 1945. Apart from the historic Capitulation Room, you can also tour the permanent collection, which recalls the war of annihilation against the Soviet Union.

Take public transportation from here to the Reichstag, one of the last buildings to be captured by Soviet troops during the Battle of Berlin in late-April 1945. After storming the building two Soviet soldiers flew the Soviet flag from the Reichstag.

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In the footsteps of the British in Normandy

The British forces arrived in Normandy on the night of 5 June 1944. This route allows you to discover their movements in Calvados. Start by visiting the Memorial of Caen, which will present the general context for D-Day. Then leave for Bayeux and finish your first day with the visit of the British military cemetery.

After a night in Bayeux, continue your tour with the Memorial Museum of the Battle of Normandy in the morning and the D-Day Landing Museum of Arromanches in the afternoon which will present the construction of Port Winston.

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The must see in Normandy

If you only have one day to explore the history of the Normandy Landings and the Battle of Normandy there are three essential sites to visit for an overview.

Start by visiting the Memorial of Caen City of History for Peace, which offers a reflection on Peace. This memorial will present the history of the Second World War as a whole, as well as the subsequent conflicts.

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The Victorious Powers in Berlin in 1945

The tour begins with a visit to the German-Russian Museum in Berlin-Karlshorst. The Wehrmacht signed the unconditional surrender here on 8 May 1945. Apart from the Capitulation Room, you can also tour the permanent exhibition recalling the war of annihilation against the Soviet Union.

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63. The raid

On the night of the 30th of September 1944, the resistance launches an attack in which a German officer is killed. The German high command immediately takes reprisals. The village is cordoned off and Friedrich Christiansen, the highest Wehrmacht general in Netherlands, orders a round-up. Staff Officer Von Wühlisch carries out the order and about a thousand soldiers of the Hermann Göring regiment brutally drive the civilians, under police supervision, to the village centre. That day, seven people are shot. The men are locked up in the primary school on the market square.

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62. The attack

Enny's Farm, very isolated in the woods between Barneveld and Putten, is the headquarters of the resistance headed by Mr. A. Witvoet. On Friday the 29th of September 1944, the group plans an attack on the German occupiers but it comes to nothing. The next evening, a second attempt is made near Oldenaller Bridge. The resistance fighters fire on a German passenger car transporting four military men. In the ensuiing fire fight one of the members of the resistance is wounded.The German high command takes the incident very seriously and takes gruesome revenge on Putten village.

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The Flooding of Walcheren

On 2 October 1944 leaflets were dropped over Walcheren urging civilians to leave the area as soon as possible. No explanation was given as to why they needed to leave and even if this had been given the civilians would not have been able to leave as the Germans did not permit anybody to leave the island. A day later the Allied air force punched a hole in the dyke near Westkappelle. This bombardment cost the lives of 152 civilians and destroyed most of the town. Further attacks also breached the dykes at Veere, Vlissingen and Fort Rammekens. Now the water came pouring in.

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Operation Infatuate, the capture of Walcheren

During the war some forty artillery batteries had been placed in concrete bunkers in Walcheren. These were supported by a network of smaller bunkers, trenches and pillboxes, making an attack on Walcheren a difficult undertaking. There were two ways of attacking the island. The first way was to attack it via the only land connection, the 1,200 meter long Sloedam. This dam had been fortified at both ends and progress here was slow. Therefore the main effort of the attack was placed on an amphibious assault.

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Operation Vitality, the capture of South-Beveland

Operation Vitality began in October 1944 with a push by the Canadian 2nd Infantry Division from the town of Woensdrecht towards South-Beveland. The peninsula of South-Beveland was defended by the German 70th Infantry Division, which was comprised of soldiers who suffered from chronic stomach disorders. Grouping these men together made their treatment more easy, but their fighting strength was still negatively affected.

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